Published articles in English 2020

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Published articles in English 2020 (alphabetical list in reference format)

Science and Public Policy

Evaluation Criteria Versus Firm Characteristics as Determinants of Public R&D Funding

Martin Falk and Roger Svensson

This study provides new empirical evidence regarding the relevance of evaluation criteria and firm characteristics for public R&D funding decisions. The database used contains both accepted and rejected R&D project proposals, project evaluation scores, and…

Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift

Political Hedgehogs: The Geographical Sorting of Refugees in Sweden

Johan Wennström and Özge Öner

In sharp contrast to how admitted refugees are being placed in comparable European countries, refugees in Sweden have been disproportionately placed in peripheral and rural areas with high unemployment and rapid native depopulation where the prospects for…

British Medical Journal

Does Medicine Run in the Family—Evidence from Three Generations of Physicians in Sweden: Retrospective Observational Study

Maria Polyakova, Petra Persson, Katja Hofmann and Anupam B. Jena

Does medicine run in families? Polyakova and colleagues have explored data from Swedish educational records, to see whether physicians had relatives that also trained as medical professionals. They also analysed data from lawyers and their families to see if the…

Journal of the European Economic Association

The Long-Term Effects of Long Terms – Compulsory Schooling Reforms in Sweden

Martin Fischer, Martin Karlsson, Therese Nilsson and Nina Schwarz

We evaluate the impact on earnings, pensions, and further labor market outcomes of two parallel educational reforms increasing instructional time in Swedish primary school. The reforms extended the annual term length and years of compulsory schooling by comparable…

Energy Journal

Optimal Capacity Mechanisms for Competitive Electricity Markets

Pär Holmberg and Robert A. Ritz

Capacity mechanisms are increasingly used in electricity market design around the world yet their role remains hotly debated. This paper introduces a new benchmark model of a capacity mechanism in a competitive electricity market with many different conventional…

Journal of Housing Economics

Religiosity and Discrimination against Same-Sex Couples: The Case of Portugal’s Rental Market

Filipe Gouveia, Therese Nilsson and Niclas Berggren

We measure and analyze discriminatory behavior against same-sex couples trying to rent an apartment in Portugal and pay special attention to the role of religiosity. This is the first correspondence field experiment investigating discrimination against this minority…

International Organization

Chinese Aid and Local Ethnic Identification

Ann-Sofie Isaksson

Recent empirical evidence suggests that Chinese development finance may be particularly prone to elite capture and patronage spending. If aid ends up in the pockets of political elites and their ethno-regional networks, this may exacerbate ethnic grievances and…

Transmission Network Investment in Liberalized Power Markets

Transmission Network Investment Across National Borders: The Liberalized Nordic Electricity Market

Lars Persson and Thomas Tangerås

The world’s first multinational electricity market was formed with the creation of the Nordic power exchange, Nord Pool. We analyze the incentives to undertake transmission network investment in the context of the liberalized Nordic electricity market. Welfare…

Economic Journal

Global Earnings Inequality, 1970–2018

Olle Hammar and Daniel Waldenström

We estimate trends in global earnings dispersion across occupational groups by constructing a new database that covers 68 developed and developing countries between 1970 and 2018. Our main finding is that global earnings inequality has fallen, primarily during the…

Journal of Finance

Stock Market Returns and Consumption

Marco Di Maggio, Amir Kermani and Kaveh Majlesi

This paper employs Swedish data on households' stock holdings to investigate how consumption responds to changes in stock market returns. We instrument the actual capital gains and dividend payments with past portfolio weights. Unrealized capital gains lead to a…

Migration Letters

Customer Discrimination in the Fast Food Market: A Web-Based Experiment on a Swedish University Campus

Ali Ahmed and Mats Hammarstedt

This paper presents the results of a study that examined customer discrimination against fictitious male and female food truck owners with Arabic-sounding names on a Swedish university campus. In a web-based experiment, students (N = 1,406) were asked, in a market…

Journal of Finance

Local Crowding‐Out in China

Yi Huang, Marco Pagano and Ugo Panizza

In China, between 2006 and 2013, local public debt crowded out the investment of private firms by tightening their funding constraints while leaving state‐owned firms' investment unaffected. We establish this result using a purpose‐built data set for Chinese…

Review of Economic Studies

Long-Run Effects of Lottery Wealth on Psychological Well-Being

Erik Lindqvist, Robert Östling and David Cesarini

We surveyed a large sample of Swedish lottery players about their psychological well-being 5–22 years after a major lottery event and analysed the data following pre-registered procedures. Relative to matched controls, large-prize winners experience sustained…

Constitutional Political Economy

Constitutional Power Concentration and Corruption: Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean

Andrea Sáenz de Viteri Vázquez and Christian Bjørnskov

Just as its constitutional development is characterised by frequent change and substantial concentration of power, the Latin American and the Caribbean area is known to host some of the most corrupt countries of the world. A group of countries such as Chile, Barbados…

Applied Economics Letters

Social Trust and Sharing Economy Size: Country Level Evidence from Home Sharing Services

Andreas Bergh and Alexander Funcke

The sharing economy (peer-to-peer based sharing or renting activities coordinated through community-based online services) is often said to be closely related to trust. This paper examines the association empirically. Using data collected from the two sharing economy…

RAND Journal of Economics

Word-of-Mouth Communication and Search

Arthur Campbell, C. Matthew Leister and Yves Zenou

We develop a word‐of‐mouth search model where information flows from the old to the new generation for an experience good with unknown quality. We study the features of the social network that determine product quality and welfare and characterize the demand‐side…

Journal of the European Economic Association

Mothers, Peers, and Gender-Role Identity

Claudia Olivetti, Eleonora Patacchini and Yves Zenou

We study whether a woman’s labor supply as a young adult is shaped by the work behavior of her adolescent peers’ mothers. Using detailed information on a sample of U.S. teenagers who are followed over time, we find that labor force participation of high…

European Economic Review

Delegation of Investment Decisions, and Optimal Remuneration of Agents

Assar Lindbeck and Jörgen Weibull

We analyze an investor who delegates information acquisition and investment decisions to an agent. The investor cannot monitor the agent’s effort or information. Optimal pay schemes contain bonuses that increase with the net return rate of the investment, but,…

American Economic Review

Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure

David Autor, David Dorn, Gordon Hanson and Kaveh Majlesi

Has rising import competition contributed to the polarization of US politics? Analyzing multiple measures of political expression and results of congressional and presidential elections spanning the period 2000 through 2016, we find strong though not definitive…

Journal of Economic Surveys

How Should Capital be Taxed?

Spencer Bastani and Daniel Waldenström

This survey discusses how capital should be taxed in advanced economies. We review the theoretical optimal tax literature, survey empirical studies on the distribution of capital and the distortionary costs of capital taxation, and analyze the desirability of…

Contemporary Economic Policy

Does Big Government Hurt Growth Less in High-Trust Countries?

Andreas Bergh and Christian Bjørnskov

Social trust is linked to both public sector size and to economic growth, thereby helping to explain how some countries combine high taxes with high levels of economic growth. This paper examines if social trust insulates countries against the negative effects of…

Applied Economics Letters

Ethnic Discrimination in Contacts with Public Authorities: A Correspondence Test Among Swedish Municipalities

Ali Ahmed and Mats Hammarstedt

We present a field experiment conducted in order to explore the existence of ethnic discrimination in contact with public authorities. Two fictitious parents, one with a Swedish-sounding name and one with an Arabic-sounding name, sent email inquiries to all Swedish…

Economic Freedom of the World: 2020 Annual Report

Economic Freedom as a Driver of Trust and Tolerance

Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson

This Chapter examines how the market economy affects cultural traits, in particular trust, tolerance, and antisemitism. The results indicate economic freedom generates social trust and tolerance. The relationship to antisemitism is complex. Gains in one area of…

Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space

Disentangling the Brexit Vote: The Role of Economic, Social and Cultural Contexts in Explaining the UK's EU Referendum Vote

Maria Abreu and Özge Öner

A large number of studies have analysed the role of individual and geographical determinants of voting behaviour in the context of the recent EU referendum in the UK, but several questions remain. A key unresolved issue is the extent of the interaction between…

Public Choice

Why Do Military Dictatorships Become Presidential Democracies? Mapping the Democratic Interests of Autocratic Regimes

Christian Bjørnskov

Recent data show that virtually all military dictatorships that democratize become presidential democracies. I hypothesize that the reason is that military interests are able to coordinate on status-preserving institutional change prior to democratization and prefer…

Research Policy

The Importance of Tacit Knowledge: Dynamic Inventor Activity in the Commercialization Phase

Per Botolf Maurseth and Roger Svensson

Inventors generally know more about their inventions than what is written down in patent applications. Because they possess this tacit knowledge, inventors may need to play an active role when patents are commercialized. We build on Arora (1995) and model…

Journal of Economic Inequality

Tax Progressivity and Top Incomes Evidence from Tax Reforms

Enrico Rubolino and Daniel Waldenström

We study the link between tax progressivity and top income shares. Using variation from Western tax reforms in the 1980s and 1990s and synthetic control method estimation, we find that reductions in tax progressivity had large and lasting positive impacts on top…

Journal of Agricultural Economics

Farm Size, Technology Adoption and Agricultural Trade Reform: Evidence from Canada

W. Mark Brown, Shon Ferguson and Crina Viju

Using detailed census data covering over 30,000 farms in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada, we document the vast and increasing farm size heterogeneity, and analyse the role of farm size in adapting to the removal of an export subsidy in 1995. Consistent…

Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade

Subsidy Entrepreneurs: An Inquiry into Firms Seeking Public Grants

Anders Kärnä, Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall and Daniel Halvarsson

This paper studies the incentives and characteristics of firms that apply for, and eventually receive, one or multiple governmental grants intended to stimulate innovation and growth. The analysis departs from a contest model in which entrepreneurs are free to…


Practice Makes Voters? Effects of Student Mock Elections on Turnout

Richard Öhrvall and Sven Oskarsson

Student mock elections are conducted in schools around the world in an effort to increase political interest and efficacy among students. There is, however, a lack of research on whether mock elections in schools enhance voter turnout in real elections. In this…

International Review of Entrepreneurship

When Less Is More: Why Limited Entrepreneurship Education May Result in Better Entrepreneurial Outcomes

Niklas Elert, Karolin Sjöö and Karl Wennberg

Entrepreneurship research suggests that entrepreneurship education and training can bridge the gender gap in entrepreneurship, but little empirical research exists assessing the validity and impact of such initiatives. We examine a large government-sponsored…

Economics of Education Review

The Impact of Banning Mobile Phones in Swedish Secondary Schools

Dany Kessel, Hulda Lif Hardardottir and Björn Tyrefors

Recently, policy makers worldwide have suggested and passed legislation to ban mobile phone use in schools. The influential (and only quantitative) evaluation by Beland and Murphy (2016), suggests that this is a very low-cost but effective policy to improve student…

CESifo Forum

Chinese Aid to Africa: Distinguishing Features and Local Effects

Ann-Sofie Isaksson and Andreas Kotsadam

The global economic landscape has changed dramatically since the turn of the millennium: low and middle income countries have been driving global economic growth, new sources of development finance have emerged, and the development cooperation arena has seen…

European Economic Review

Globalization, the Jobs Ladder and Economic Mobility

Carl Davidson, Fredrik Heyman, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu

Globalization affects the mix of jobs available in an economy and the rate at which workers gain skills. We develop a model in which firms differ in terms of productivity and workers differ in skills, and use the model to examine how globalization affects the wage…

Electric Power Systems Research

Simulation and Evaluation of Zonal Electricity Market Designs

Mahir Sarfati and Pär Holmberg

Zonal pricing with countertrading (a market-based redispatch) gives arbitrage opportunities to the power producers located in the export-constrained nodes. They can increase their profit by increasing the output in the day-ahead market and decrease it in the…

Journal of Institutional Economics

Collaborative Innovation Blocs and Antifragility

Niklas Elert and Magnus Henrekson

We present the theory of the collaborative innovation bloc (CIB), an evolving system of innovation within which activity takes place over time. We show how the application of the CIB perspective can help make institutional and evolutionary economics more concrete,…

Review of Economic Studies

Poor Little Rich Kids? The Role of Nature versus Nurture in Wealth and Other Economic Outcomes and Behaviors

Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Petter Lundborg and Kaveh Majlesi

Wealth is highly correlated between parents and their children; however, little is known about the extent to which these relationships are genetic or determined by environmental factors. We use administrative data on the net wealth of a large sample of Swedish…

Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics

Institutions and Life Satisfaction

Niclas Berggren and Christian Bjørnskov

The degree to which people are satisfied with their lives is affected by many factors. This chapter surveys studies that document the influence of one such factor – formal institutions (i.e., written rules). Such rules, typically laws that enable and constrain…

Journal of Education Policy

Marketized Education: How Regulatory Failure Undermined the Swedish School System

Johan Wennström

In a radical school choice reform in 1992, Sweden’s education system was opened to private competition from independent for-profit and non-profit schools funded by vouchers. Competition was expected to produce higher-quality education at lower cost, in both…


Migrants and Life Satisfaction: The Role of the Country of Origin and the Country of Residence

Niclas Berggren, Andreas Bergh, Christian Bjørnskov and Shiori Tanaka

We investigate how the life satisfaction of migrants is affected by life satisfaction in their background country and in their new country of residence. In particular, we contribute to the literature by differentiating between first‐ and second‐generation immigrants…

European Review of Agricultural Economics

Measuring the Impact of Agricultural Production Shocks on International Trade Flows

Shon Ferguson and Johan Gars

The purpose of this study is to measure the sensitivity of traded quantities and trade unit values to agricultural production shocks. We develop a general equilibrium model of trade in which production shocks in exporting countries affect both traded quantities and…

Journal of Labor Research

Sexual Orientation and Job Satisfaction: Survey–Based Evidence from Sweden

Lina Aldén, Mats Hammarstedt and Hanna Swahnberg

We present results from a unique nationwide survey conducted in Sweden on sexual orientation and job satisfaction. Our results show that gay men are more likely to be very satisfied with their job than heterosexual men, both in general and with different aspects of…

Journal of the European Economic Association

Inherited Wealth over the Path of Development: Sweden, 1810–2016

Henry Ohlsson, Jesper Roine and Daniel Waldenström

We estimate the importance of inherited wealth in Sweden over the past 200 years. Inheritance is measured both as the annual inheritance flow divided by national income and as the share of inherited wealth in all private wealth. In the 19th century, Sweden differs…

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

The Entitlement Effect in the Ultimatum Game - Does it Even Exist?

Elif E. Demiral and Johanna Möllerström

Since the seminal paper of Hoffman et al. (1994), an entitlement effect is believed to exist in the Ultimatum Game, in the sense that proposers who have earned their role (as opposed to having it randomly allocated) offer a smaller share of the pie to their matched…

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice

Measuring Entrepreneurship: Do Established Metrics Capture Schumpeterian Entrepreneurship?

Magnus Henrekson and Tino Sanandaji

We compile four hand-collected measures of high-impact Schumpeterian entrepreneurship (venture capital-funded IPOs, self-made billionaire entrepreneurs, unicorn start-ups, and young top global firms founded by individual entrepreneurs) and six measures dominated by…

Applied Economics Letters

Gender Grading Bias in Junior High School Mathematics

Petter Berg, Ola Palmgren and Björn Tyrefors

Admission to high school in Sweden is based on the final grades from junior high. This article compares students’ final mathematics grade with new data from a high school introductory test score in mathematics. Both the grades and the test are based on the same…

Industry and Innovation

Agglomeration and Innovation of Knowledge Intensive Business Services

Orsa Kekezi and Johan Klaesson

For some time now, the research focusing on Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) has been very active. Observing that knowledge as a production factor is only becoming more and more pronounced, this focus is well-grounded. It is therefore important to examine…

Economic Journal

Friendship and Female Education: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Bangladeshi Primary Schools

Youjin Hahn, Asadul Islam, Eleonora Patacchini and Yves Zenou

We randomly assigned 115 primary schools in Bangladesh to one of two settings: children studying in groups with friends and children studying in groups with peers. The groups consisted of four people with similar average cognitive abilities and household…

Scandinavian Economic History Review

The Rise and Decline of Industrial Foundations as Controlling Owners of Swedish Listed Firms: The Role of Tax Incentives

Magnus Henrekson, Dan Johansson and Mikael Stenkula

Beginning in the interwar period, industrial foundations became a vehicle for corporate control of large listed firms in Sweden. In the 1990s they were replaced by wealthy individuals who either directly own controlling blocks or who own them through holding…

Journal of Public Economics

Deathbed Tax Planning

Oscar Erixson and Sebastian Escobar

We estimate the extent of inheritance tax avoidance among married decedents in Sweden. Following Kopczuk (2007), we compare estates of decedents who pass away from terminal illness and those of decedents who pass away suddenly, the assumption being that the onset of…

International Economic Review

Renovatio Monetae: When Gesell Taxes Worked

Roger Svensson and Andreas Westermark

Gesell taxes on money have recently received attention as a way of alleviating the zero lower bound on interest rates. Less known is that such taxes generated seigniorage in medieval Europe for around two centuries. When a Gesell tax was levied, current coins ceased…

The Entrepreneurial Society – A Reform Strategy for Italy, Germany and the UK

What We Have Learned and How We May Proceed

Mark Sanders, Axel Marx and Mikael Stenkula

In this chapter, the editors conclude this volume and draw the most important lessons that can be drawn from the FIRES project. The editors highlight theoretical lessons, methodological innovations, and policy implications.

The Entrepreneurial Society – A Reform Strategy for Italy, Germany and the UK

A Reform Strategy for the UK

Mark Sanders, Mikael Stenkula, James Dunstan, Saul Estrin, Andrea M. Herrmann, Balázs Páger, László Szerb and Elisa Terragno Bogliaccini

In this chapter we outline a reform strategy to promote an entrepreneurial society in the UK. To put it in the words of the Varieties of Capitalism framework, the UK today represents a distinct liberal market economy with a deregulated environment, flexible labor…

B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy

Acquisition for Sleep

Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Charlotta Olofsson and Lars Persson

Within the policy debate, there is a fear that large incumbent firms buy small firms’ inventions to ensure that they are not used in the market. We show that such “acquisitions for sleep” can occur if and only if the quality of a process invention…

The Entrepreneurial Society – A Reform Strategy for Italy, Germany and the UK

A Reform Strategy for Germany

Mark Sanders, Mikael Stenkula, Michael Fritsch, Andrea M. Herrmann, Gresa Latifi, Balázs Páger, László Szerb, Elisa Terragno Bogliaccini and Michael Wyrwich

In this chapter, we outline a reform strategy to promote a more entrepreneurial society in Germany. Germany has developed a successful model of capitalism in which high productivity growth is driven by on-the-job learning and firm-specific skill accumulation. The…

European Journal of Law and Economics

Securing Personal Freedom through Institutions: The Role of Electoral Democracy and Judicial Independence

Niclas Berggren and Jerg Gutmann

We investigate empirically how electoral democracy and judicial independence relate to personal freedom. While judicial independence is positively and robustly related to personal freedom in all its forms, electoral democracy displays a robust, positive relationship…

The Entrepreneurial Society – A Reform Strategy for Italy, Germany and the UK

A Reform Strategy for Italy

Mark Sanders, Mikael Stenkula, Luca Grilli, Andrea M. Herrmann, Gresa Latifi, Balázs Páger, László Szerb and Elisa Terragno Bogliaccini

In this chapter, we outline a reform strategy to promote an entrepreneurial society in Italy. From a Varieties-of-Capitalism perspective, Italy has been classified as a Mixed or Mediterranean Market Economy. It boasts a vibrant entrepreneurial economy of locally…

Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics

State Trading Deregulation and Prairie Durum Wheat Production

Colin A. Carter and Shon Ferguson

We estimate the impact of the 2012 removal of the Canadian Wheat Board's (CWB) single‐desk on the spatial pattern of durum wheat acres in Western Canada. We analyze changes in durum seeded acres with a panel regression and Census Agricultural Region data from…

The Entrepreneurial Society – A Reform Strategy for Italy, Germany and the UK

Seven Steps Toward Inclusive, Innovative, and Sustainable Growth

Mark Sanders, Axel Marx and Mikael Stenkula

In this chapter, the editors introduce and motivate the approach in this volume. Although this volume brings together contributions from different authors, the chapters all flow directly from the work that was done in the European H2020 research project Financial and…

Review of International Organizations

Regime Types and Regime Change: A New Dataset on Democracy, Coups, and Political Institutions

Christian Bjørnskov and Martin Rode

Social scientists have created a variety of datasets in recent years that quantify political regimes, but these often provide little data on phases of regime transitions. Our aim is to contribute to filling this gap, by providing an update and expansion of the…

Organization Science

The Impact of Overconfidence and Ambiguity Attitude on Market Entry

Cédric Gutierrez, Thomas Åstebro and Tomasz Obloj

We study the behavioral drivers of market entry. An experiment allows us to disentangle the impact on entry across different types of markets of two key behavioral mechanisms: overconfidence and attitude toward ambiguity. We theorize and show that the causal effect…

Applied Economics

Social Assistance and Mental Health: Evidence from Longitudinal Administrative Data on Pharmaceutical Consumption

Margareta Dackehag, Lina Maria Ellegård, Ulf Gerdtham and Therese Nilsson

This paper adds to the small literature on the role of welfare benefits and mental health by studying the relationship between uptake of Social Assistance Benefit (SAB) and objective mental health measures. We use rich longitudinal administrative data on income,…

Economics Letters

Digitization-Based Automation and Occupational Dynamics

Malin Gardberg, Fredrik Heyman, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson

We examine the relationship between occupational automation probabilities and employment dynamics over nearly two decades. We show that employment and wage shares of occupations with a higher automation risk have declined in Sweden over the period 1996-2013. This has…

Scandinavian Journal of Economics

Risking Other People’s Money: Experimental Evidence on the Role of Incentives and Personality Traits

Ola Andersson, Håkan J. Holm, Jean-Robert Tyran and Erik Wengström

Decision‐makers often face incentives to increase risk‐taking on behalf of others (e.g., they are offered bonus contracts and contracts based on relative performance). We conduct an experimental study of risk‐taking on behalf of others using a large heterogeneous…

JAMA Network Open

Association Between Lottery Prize Size and Self-reported Health Habits in Swedish Lottery Players

Robert Östling, David Cesarini and Erik Lindqvist

In this study of Swedish lottery players, unearned wealth from random lottery prize winnings was not associated with subsequent healthy lifestyle factors or overall health. The findings suggest that large, random transfers of unearned wealth are unlikely to be…

Journal of Finance

What Is a Patent Worth? Evidence from the U.S. Patent 'Lottery'

Joan Farre-Mensa, Deepak Hede and Alexander Ljungqvist

We provide evidence on the value of patents to startups by leveraging the quasi‐random assignment of applications to examiners with different propensities to grant patents. Using unique data on all first‐time applications filed at the U.S. Patent Office since 2001,…

Journal of Conflict Resolution

When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects?

Christian Bjørnskov and Stefan Voigt

The relationship between terrorist activities and states of emergency has never been explored in a cross-country perspective. This article is a first step to change that. Given that a terror act has been committed, what are the factors that lead governments to…

Financial Management

The Investment Behavior of Buyout Funds: Theory and Evidence

Alexander Ljungqvist, Matthew Richardson and Daniel Wolfenzon

We analyze the determinants of buyout funds’ investment decisions. We argue that when there is imperfect competition for private equity funds, the timing of funds’ investment decisions, their risk‐taking behavior, and their subsequent returns depend on…

North American Journal of Economics and Finance

Should We Worry about the Decline of the Public Corporation? A Brief Survey of the Economics and External Effects of the Stock Market

Nikita Koptyug, Lars Persson and Joacim Tåg

In recent years, the number of listed companies has been declining in many countries across the world. This paper provides a selective survey of the literature on the real economic effects of the stock market to assess the potential effects of this decline and…

Energy Journal

Effects of Privatization on Price and Labor Efficiency: The Swedish Electricity Distribution Sector

Erik Lundin

I examine the effects of privatization, in the form of acquisitions, in the Swedish electricity distribution sector. As the majority of the distribution networks have remained publicly owned, I use a synthetic control method to identify the effects on price and labor…

Economics & Politics

Can Social Spending Cushion the Inequality Effect of Globalization?

Andreas Bergh, Irina Mirkina and Therese Nilsson

This paper examines whether social spending cushions the effect of globalization on within‐country inequality. Using information on disposable and market income inequality and data on overall social spending, and health and education spending from the ILO and the…

Paul Samuelson: Master of Modern Economics

Samuelson's Approach to Revealed Preference Theory: Some Recent Advances

Thomas Demuynck and Per Hjertstrand

Since Paul Samuelson introduced the theory of revealed preference, it has become one of the most important concepts in economics. This chapter surveys some recent contributions in the revealed preference literature. We depart from Afriat's theorem, which provides…

Journal of Financial Intermediation

Credit Ratings and Structured Finance

Jens Josephson and Joel Shapiro

The poor performance of credit ratings of structured finance products in the financial crisis has prompted investigation into the role of credit rating agencies (CRAs) in designing and marketing these products. We analyze a two-period reputation model in which a CRA…

Review of Economics of the Household

Self-Employed Immigrants and their Employees: Evidence from Swedish Employer-Employee Data

Mats Hammarstedt and Chizheng Miao

We present a study of the employees of self-employed immigrants with unincorporated firms in Sweden using matched employer-employee data from 2014. Non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to have employees in their firms. Furthermore, immigrants,…

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

The Refugee Crisis and the Reinvigoration of the Nation-State: Does the European Union Have a Common Asylum Policy?

Magnus Henrekson, Özge Öner and Tino Sanandaji

This chapter discusses the European Union’s refugee policy. It shows that the common treaties leave considerable discretion to the individual member countries, which allows them to regulate refugee migration while still upholding international treaties. Member…

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

The EU, the Nation State, and the Perennial Challenge to European Integration

Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Karin Leijon, Anna Michalski and Lars Oxelheim

This introductory chapter sheds new light on the increasingly complex relationship between the European Union and the nation-state—in its capacity as EU member state—at a time when its fundamental values are being called into question by prominent…

Economics Letters

Compete with Others? No, Thanks. With Myself? Yes, Please!

Coren Apicella, Elif Demiral and Johanna Möllerström

We study the willingness to compete against self and others in an experiment with over 650 participants, using a modified version of the Niederle and Vesterlund (2007) design. We show that introducing a possibility to self-compete, in addition to the standard…

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

Corruption, Judicial Accountability and Inequality: Unfair Procedures May Benefit the Worst-Off

Niclas Berggren and Christian Bjørnskov

We ask whether, as many seem to think, corruption worsens, and judicial accountability improves, inequality, and investigate this empirically using data from 145 countries 1960–2014. We relate perceived corruption and de facto judicial accountability to…

Journal of Institutional Economics

Hayekian Welfare States: Explaining the Coexistence of Economic Freedom and Big Government

Andreas Bergh

To explain the coexistence of economic freedom and big government, this paper distinguishes between big government in the fiscal sense of requiring high taxes, and big government in the Hayekian sense of requiring knowledge that is difficult to acquire from a central…

International Journal of Industrial Organization

Cournot Competition in Wholesale Electricity Markets: The Nordic Power Exchange, Nord Pool

Erik Lundin and Thomas Tangerås

Horizontal shifts in bid curves observed in wholesale electricity markets are consistent with Cournot competition. Quantity competition reduces the informational requirements associated with evaluating market performance because the price-cost margins of all…

Review of Financial Studies

Career Risk and Market Discipline in Asset Management

Andrew Ellul, Marco Pagano and Annalisa Scognamiglio

We establish that the labor market helps discipline asset managers via the impact of fund liquidations on their careers. Using hand-collected data on 1,948 professionals, we find that top managers working for funds liquidated after persistently poor relative…

Journal of Economic Theory

Social Norms in Networks

Philip Ushchev and Yves Zenou

Although the linear-in-means model is the workhorse model in empirical work on peer effects, its theoretical properties are understudied. In this study, we develop a social-norm model that provides a microfoundation of the linear-in-means model and investigate its…

Political Science Research and Methods

Maps in People’s Heads: Assessing a New Measure of Context

Cara Wong, Jake Bowers, Daniel Rubenson, Mark Fredrickson and Ashlea Rundlett

To understand the relationship between place and politics, we must measure both political attitudes and the ways in which place is represented in the minds of individuals. In this paper, we assess a new measure of mental representation of geography, in which survey…


Wellbeing and Entrepreneurship: Using Establishment Size to Identify Treatment Effects and Transmission Mechanisms

Christian Bjørnskov and Nicolai Foss

Using data from the European Value Survey, covering more than 300,000 respondents in 32 countries between 2002 and 2012, we offer new insight into the consequences for subjective well-being of self-employment. We hypothesize that the positive link between…

Economic Inquiry

Grind or Gamble? An Experiment on Effort and Spread Seeking in Contests

Ola Andersson, Håkan J. Holm and Erik Wengström

We conduct a contest experiment to study if spread seeking and effort can be managed when participants can invest in increasing both the mean and the spread of an uncertain performance variable. Subjects are treated with different prize schemes and in accordance with…

Journal of Political Economy

Social Insurance and the Marriage Market

Petra Persson

Social insurance is often linked to marriage. Existing evidence suggests small marital responses to financial incentives and stems from settings where benefits are realized in the near future. I analyze how linking survivors insurance to marriage affects the marriage…

IZA World of Labor

How Labor Market Institutions Affect Job Creation and Productivity Growth – An Update

Magnus Henrekson

Economic growth requires factor reallocation across firms and continuous replacement of technologies. Labor market institutions influence economic dynamism by their impact on the supply of a key factor, skilled workers to new and expanding firms, and the shedding of…

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book


Seminars organized by IFN


To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 |