Compete with Others? No, Thanks. With Myself? Yes, Please!

Reprint No. 2020:11

Author(s): Coren Apicella, Elif Demiral and Johanna MöllerströmYear: 2020 Title: Economics Letters Volume (No.): 187 (February)
Online article (restrictions may apply)

We study the willingness to compete against self and others in an experiment with over 650 participants, using a modified version of the Niederle and Vesterlund (2007) design. We show that introducing a possibility to self-compete, in addition to the standard other-competition option, increases the proportion of participants who compete by more than 60 percent, indicating that self-competition attracts many of those who would otherwise have stayed out of competitions altogether. This holds for both men and women. Moreover, men and women prefer self-competitions to other-competitions, especially when they have to select one of the two types of competitions. We also document that self-competitions are perceived as more controllable than other-competitions.

Apicella, Coren, Elif Demiral and Johanna Möllerström (2020), "Compete with Others? No, Thanks. With Myself? Yes, Please!". Economics Letters 187(February), .

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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