2020

The Refugee Crisis and the Reinvigoration of the Nation-State: Does the European Union Have a Common Asylum Policy?

Reprint No. 2020:13

Author(s): Magnus Henrekson, Özge Öner and Tino SanandajiYear: 2020 Title: The European Union and the Return of the Nation State Chapter: 4Editor(s): Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski, Karin Leijon and Lars OxelheimPublisher: Palgrave MacmillanCity: Cham, Switzerland Pages: 83–110
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version


This chapter discusses the European Union’s refugee policy. It shows that the common treaties leave considerable discretion to the individual member countries, which allows them to regulate refugee migration while still upholding international treaties. Member countries have authority over border controls, the processing of asylum applications as well as economic benefits provided to refugees. The differences in refugee flows are so extensive and systematic that the existence of a common EU refugee policy is debatable. The commitments made by the member countries are largely voluntary, and refugee policy is mainly determined at the national level. The cross-member discrepancies strongly signal that the European Union may not be an optimal region for a common refugee policy. A refugee policy should instead be determined at the national level concordant with the regional and local level, where integration measures are implemented in practice.


Reference:
Henrekson, Magnus, Özge Öner and Tino Sanandaji (2020), "The Refugee Crisis and the Reinvigoration of the Nation-State: Does the European Union Have a Common Asylum Policy?". Chapter 4, pp. 83–110 in Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski, Karin Leijon and Lars Oxelheim, eds., The European Union and the Return of the Nation State. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.

Magnus Henrekson

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Mob: +46 (0)70 222 9700
magnus.henrekson@ifn.se

Özge Öner

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Ph: +46 8 665 4519
oo263@cam.ac.uk

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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