2020

Self-Employed Immigrants and their Employees: Evidence from Swedish Employer-Employee Data

Reprint No. 2020:14

Author(s): Mats Hammarstedt and Chizheng MiaoYear: 2020 Title: Review of Economics of the Household Volume (No.): 18 (1) Pages: 35–68
Online article (restrictions may apply)

Self-Employed Immigrants and their Employees: Evidence from Swedish Employer-Employee Data Mats Hammarstedt and Chizheng Miao


We present a study of the employees of self-employed immigrants with unincorporated firms in Sweden using matched employer-employee data from 2014. Non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to have employees in their firms. Furthermore, immigrants, especially non-European immigrants, are more likely than natives to employ immigrants in their firms, and non-European immigrants are most likely to employ recently arrived non-European immigrants with low education in their firms. Males are more likely than females to have employees in their firms, but self-employed females are more likely than self-employed males to have female employees. This is the case for all immigrant groups as well as for natives. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration process since they create employment opportunities for immigrant groups that have difficulty entering the labour market.


Reference:
Hammarstedt, Mats and Chizheng Miao (2020), "Self-Employed Immigrants and their Employees: Evidence from Swedish Employer-Employee Data". Review of Economics of the Household 18(1), 35–68.

Mats Hammarstedt

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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