2020

When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects?

Reprint No. 2020:21

Author(s): Christian Bjørnskov and Stefan VoigtYear: 2020 Title: Journal of Conflict Resolution Volume (No.): 64 (4) Pages: 579–613
Online article (restrictions may apply)

When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects? Christian Bjørnskov and Stefan Voigt


The relationship between terrorist activities and states of emergency has never been explored in a cross-country perspective. This article is a first step to change that. Given that a terror act has been committed, what are the factors that lead governments to declare a state of emergency (SOE)—or refrain from declaring it? And given that a SOE has been declared, what are the effects thereof? On the basis of seventy-nine countries all having Western-style constitutions, we find that more terrorist incidents increase the likelihood of a SOE. Interestingly, emergencies are less likely to be declared in election years, supposedly because governments believe them to be unpopular. Once a SOE is declared, it generally leads to substantially more government repression. Finally, countries already under a SOE are more likely to suffer from additional terror attacks, challenging the effectiveness of states of emergency.


Reference:
Bjørnskov, Christian and Stefan Voigt (2020), "When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects?". Journal of Conflict Resolution 64(4), 579–613.

Christian Bjørnskov

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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