Published articles in English 2021

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Nordic Tax Journal

The Taxation of Industrial Foundations in Sweden (1862–2018)

Dan Johansson, Mikael Stenkula and Niklas Wykman

It has been argued that the Swedish tax system has favored firm control through industrial foundations, which should have inhibited entrepreneurship and economic growth. However, research has been hampered because of a lack of systematic historical tax data. The…

International Tax and Public Finance

Introduction to IIPF 2019 Special Issue in ITAX

Bas Jacobs and Daniel Waldenström

International Review of Entrepreneurship

The Sharing Economy: Definition, Measurement and its Relationship to Capitalism

Andreas Bergh, Alexander Funcke and Joakim Wernberg

For the past decade, the sharing economy has not only grown but also expanded to cover a wide variety of different activities across the globe. Despite a lot of research, there is still no agreement on how to define and measure the sharing economy, and no consensus…

Quarterly Journal of Economics

Building Resilient Health Systems: Experimental Evidence from Sierra Leone and the 2014 Ebola Outbreak

Darin Christensen, Oeindrila Dube, Johannes Haushofer, Bilal Siddiqi and Maarten Voors

Skepticism about the quality of health systems and their consequent underuse are thought to contribute to high rates of mortality in the developing world. The perceived quality of health services may be especially critical during epidemics, when people choose whether…

Journal of Public Economics

Brains or Beauty? Causal Evidence on the Returns to Education and Attractiveness in the Online Dating Market

Johan Egebark, Mattias Ekström, Erik Plug and Mirjam van Praag

We study partner preferences for education and attractiveness by conducting a field experiment in a large online dating market. Fictitious profiles with manipulated levels of education and photo attractiveness send random invitations for a serious relationship to…

The European Union and the Technology Shift

Money for Nothin’: Digitalization and Fluid Tax Bases

Mårten Blix and Emil Bustos

This chapter analyses in what way digitalisation changes the conditions for taxation. In the 2020s, firms create value less using machines and more using intangibles, such as copyrights, R&D and soft knowledge. The chapter shows that tax bases will be more mobile…

The European Union and the Technology Shift

Digitalisation, Productivity and Jobs: A European Perspective

Fredrik Heyman, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson

This chapter describes economic insights from research having studied the ongoing information and communications technology (ICT)-based structural transformation of the business sector. It also describes initiatives by the EU in the field of digitalisation and their…

Regional Studies

Ethnic Enclaves and Self-Employment among Middle Eastern Immigrants in Sweden – Ethnic Capital or Enclave Size?

Martin Andersson, Johan P Larsson and Özge Öner

We employ geocoded data to explore the effects of ethnic enclaves in Swedish cities on the propensity of Middle Eastern immigrants to transcend from having no employment to self-employment. We demonstrate a robust tendency for immigrants to leave non-employment for…


Perceptions of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

Spencer Bastani and Daniel Waldenström

We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register‐linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of…

Public Money & Management

Management Practices and the Quality of Primary Care

Jannis Angelis, Anna Häger Glenngård and Henrik Jordahl

Using the World Management Survey method, the authors mapped and analysed management quality in Swedish primary care centres. On average, private sector providers were better managed than public providers. Centres with a high overall social deprivation among enrolled…

German Economic Review

Take It to the (Public) Bank: The Efficiency of Public Bank Loans to Private Firms

Anders Kärnä

Incomplete capital markets and credit constraints for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are often considered obstacles to economic growth, thus motivating government interventions in capital markets. While such policies are common, it is less clear to what…

Small Business Economics

Ethnic Enclaves and Segregation: Self-Employment and Employment Patterns Among Forced Migrants

Johan Klaesson and Özge Öner

We find that ethnic enclaves, proxied by ethnic concentration at varying levels, indicate mixed results for the different immigrant groups we study, both for their employment and entrepreneurship probability, whereas residential segregation has a more uniformly…

World Economy

Employment Protection and FDI Revisited: New Evidence from Micro Data

Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Per Skedinger and Jing-Lin Duanmu

We use micro data on affiliates to Swedish multinational firms (MNEs) to explore the impact of more stringent employment protection legislation (EPL) on foreign direct investment (FDI). We add to the previous literature by exploring the impact of EPL on the extensive…

Journal of Institutional Economics

Economic Freedom and Antisemitism

Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson

We examine how variation in antisemitism across countries can be explained by economic freedom. We propose two mechanisms. First, the more economic freedom, the greater the scope of market activities. If people perceive Jews as particularly skilful at doing business…

International Journal of Industrial Organization

Determinants of Economies of Scope in Retail

Florin Maican and Matilda Orth

This paper studies the determinants of economies of scope and quantifies their impact on the extensive and intensive product margins in retail. We use a framework based on a multiproduct technology to model stores’ incentives to expand product variety. Using…

The European Union and the Technology Shift

What Does the Technological Shift Have in Stall for the EU? Opportunities and Pitfalls for European Societies

Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Karin Leijon, Anna Michalski and Lars Oxelheim

This introductory chapter sheds light on the opportunities and challenges that the digital era has in store for the European Union (EU) at a time when its fundamental values are being called into question by prominent political currents. The chapter sets the scene by…

Regional Science Perspectives on Tourism and Hospitality

Microgeography of Restaurants: Sub-City Analysis of Restaurant Location and Colocation Using Swedish Geo-Coded Data

Özge Öner and Johan P Larsson

In this chapter, we offer an exploatory empirical analysis that captures the general location and colocation patterns for restaurants using Swedish geo-coded data for the year 2015, which allows us to exogenously partition all urban areas in Sweden into two different…

Regional Science Perspectives on Tourism and Hospitality

Introduction – Worlds Collide: Regional Science and Tourism Research

Özge Öner, Mauro Ferrante and Oliver Fritz

With this book, we aim at contributing to the existing efforts to bridge these two extensively realated strands of literature where we compiled several individual contributions that present how tourism reseachers can integrate regional thought into their analysis and…

Journal of Regional Science

Getting the First Job: Size and Quality of Ethnic Enclaves and Refugee Labor Market Entry

Johan Klaesson, Özge Öner and Dieter Pennerstorfer

We analyze the relationship between residence in an ethnic enclave and immigrants' labor market integration with respect to finding a first job in the receiving country. The analysis distinguishes between the size and the quality of the ethnic enclaves, where…

The Far East and Australasia 2021

Timor-Leste: The Economy

Mats Lundahl and Fredrik Sjöholm

Economic growth in Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) has displayed dramatic volatility since the country´s independence in 2002. The first few years were characterized by negative or extremely low growth, which improved steadily to reach very high levels as…

Review of Austrian Economics

Entrepreneurship Prompts Institutional Change in Developing Economies

Niklas Elert and Magnus Henrekson

Entrepreneurship plays a pivotal role for institutional change and economic development in transition and developing economies. Formal and informal institutions in such countries are often sub-par, but rather than being constrained by them, entrepreneurship can often…

World Economy

Talent Development and Labour Market Integration in European Football

Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Martin Olsson and Lars Persson

In this paper, we argue that altered incentives for clubs to develop star players after the Bosman ruling can explain why European football has seen lower competitive balance in the Champions League but more competitive balance at the national level. By having a…

Small Business Economics

Getting the Facts Right on Born Globals

Shon Ferguson, Magnus Henrekson and Louise Johannesson

Policymakers in several countries have recently taken steps to promote the rapid export expansion of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The goal of these policies has been to create successful export-intensive startups, which are often referred to as born…

Education Economics

Do Schools Discriminate against Children with Disabilities? A Field Experiment in Sweden

Ali Ahmed, Mats Hammarstedt and Karl Karlsson

This article presents the results of a field experiment in which fictitious parents of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) sent inquiries to schools in Sweden about admission of their children to the…

Macroeconomic Dynamics

Index Numbers and Revealed Preference Rankings

Per Hjertstrand, James Swofford and Gerald Whitney

For previously identified weakly separable blockings of goods and assets, we construct aggregates using four superlative index numbers, the Fisher, Sato-Vartia, Törnqvist, and Walsh, two non-superlative indexes, the Laspeyres and Paasche, and the atheoretical…

Social Indicators Research

Good Faith and Bad Health: Self-Assessed Religiosity and Self-Assessed Health of Women and Men in Europe

Niclas Berggren and Martin Ljunge

Religion exerts a powerful influence on many people’s lives. We investigate how self-assessed religiosity affects self-assessed health in Europe. Our sample consists of individuals with a native father and an immigrant mother from another European country. This…

Journal of Financial Economics

Windfall Gains and Stock Market Participation

Joseph Briggs, David Cesarini, Erik Lindqvist and Robert Östling

We exploit the randomized assignment of lottery prizes in a large administrative Swedish data set to estimate the causal effect of wealth on stock market participation. A $150,000 windfall gain increases the stock market participation probability by 12 percentage…

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book


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To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

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