2006–2010

Asymmetric Effects of Corruption on FDI: Evidence from Swedish Multinational Firms

Reprint No. 2008:24

Author(s): Katariina Nilsson Hakkala, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Helena SvalerydYear: 2008 Title: Review of Economics and Statistics Volume (No.): 90 (4) Pages: 627–642


We examine the effect of corruption on foreign direct investment (FDI). Starting out from the theory of FDI, we show that corruption can have different effects on horizontal investments, which are primarily aimed at sales to the local market, compared with vertical investments, which are made to access lower factor costs for export sales. Using Swedish firm-level data, we find that corruption reduces the probability that a firm will invest in a country. Moreover, when studying the different types of investments, we find that horizontal investments, measured by affiliate local sales, are deterred by corruption to a larger extent than are vertical investments. We are also able to establish a causal effect of corruption on FDI.


Reference:
Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Helena Svaleryd (2008), "Asymmetric Effects of Corruption on FDI: Evidence from Swedish Multinational Firms". Review of Economics and Statistics 90(4), 627–642.

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

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Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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