2006–2010

Ethnic Diversity, Civil War and Redistribution

Reprint No. 2009:7

Author(s): Thomas Tangerås and Nils-Petter LagerlöfYear: 2009 Title: Scandinavian Journal of Economics Volume (No.): 111 (1) Pages: 1–27
Online article (restrictions may apply)


In a game-theoretic framework, we analyse the circumstances under which self-enforcing redistribution and power-sharing coalitions can be used to peacefully resolve ethnic conflict. The existence of a pacific equilibrium depends crucially on ethnic diversity (the number of ethnic groups). The risk of civil war is comparatively high at intermediate levels of ethnic diversity. The risk is low if a society is either very homogeneous or very diverse. Predictions of the model are consistent with evidence on the incidence of civil war.


Reference:
Tangerås, Thomas and Nils-Petter Lagerlöf (2009), "Ethnic Diversity, Civil War and Redistribution". Scandinavian Journal of Economics 111(1), 1–27.

Thomas Tangerås

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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