2006–2010

Population Growth and Job Creation in Timor-Leste

Reprint No. 2009:9

Author(s): Mats Lundahl and Fredrik SjöholmYear: 2009 Title: Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy Volume (No.): 14 (1) Pages: 90–104
Online article (restrictions may apply)


Timor-Leste began its independence as one of the poorest nations in the world. Substantial progress has been made thereafter but the challenges for future development are numerous. High population growth and modest growth of GDP means that per capita income is declining and that the extent of poverty is increasing. For this situation to change, income opportunities other than those provided by subsistence agriculture are needed. Considering the low level of education and the keen competition for skilled personnel this, however, is difficult. So far, it seems that most skilled workers are being absorbed by the public sector and that this is pushing up the already high skilled wage level. That, in turn, affects the competitiveness of the private sector negatively and acts as an obstacle to the creation of employment opportunities outside agriculture.


Reference:
Lundahl, Mats and Fredrik Sjöholm (2009), "Population Growth and Job Creation in Timor-Leste". Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 14(1), 90–104.

Fredrik Sjöholm

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Ph: +46 (0)46 222 7426
fredrik.sjoholm@nek.l...

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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