Working Paper No. 205

The Economics of Learning: Price Formation when Acquisition of Information is Possible but Costly


This paper presents some analyses of what would be the outcome of a price formation process in the presence of information costs. First, we examine the equilibria which obtain in search markets where consumers are uninformed about prices but informed about the distribution of prices. Second, we examine the case when consumers are not informed about the distribution of prices, and conclude that the equilibrium might differ considerably. Third, we show that in the case when firms are not informed about their profit opportunities, and therefore have to undertake experiments to find these out, a price dispersion equilibrium is locally stable, given reasonably rational experimental procedures.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book

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