Working Paper No. 272

Comparative Advantage, Terms of Trade and Welfare Effects of European Integration: Some Preliminary Assessments


The paper presents a first attempt at assessing general equilibrium effects of 1992. Two kinds of general equilibrium effects are relevant: one (dampening) effect stemming from the common resource constraints, the other one related to the fact that the relative competitiveness of industries may be altered as a consequence of the integration. This paper focuses on the second type of general equilibrium effects, and the results show that there may be additional gains for the EC stemming from terms-of-trade improvements and reduced dependence on subsidized and protected industries. The paper also presents general equilibrium assessments for Norway, under various assumptions regarding Norwegian participation in the integration process.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

About the book

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