Working Paper No. 283

Identification of Barriers in International Trade under Imperfect Competition


The paper provides a means of estimating, with a given parameter of conjectural variation, international trade barriers under imperfect competition from data on market shares of different countries and producers in various markets, number of exporting firms and elasticities of demand. The method circumvents explicit specification of the production cost function. Both the cases of a homogeneous good and an industry with firms producing imperfect substitutes for each other are considered. Numerical illustrations on the barrier estimates between the EC and EFTA are also carried out.

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

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Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

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