Working Paper No. 457

R&D and Foreign Sales in Multinationals: A Simultaneous Relationship?

Published: April 1996Pages: 29Keywords: R&D; Foreign Sales; Multinational EnterprisesJEL-codes: F23; O32

R&D and Foreign Sales in Multinationals: A Simultaneous Relationship? Gunnar Fors and Roger Svensson


This paper analyzes the simultaneous relationship between R&D and foreign sales in Swedish multinational enterprises in the manufacturing sector. We argue that this two-way relationship should especially apply to multinationals based in small open economies due to the firms' high dependence on foreign markets. The only previous study addressing this issue used data on multinationals originating from the United States, a country with a large domestic market, and it did not find evidence of the hypothesized simultaneous relationship. Our empirical results suggest a positive and significant effect in both directions.

Roger Svensson

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Social Capital and Health

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Martin Ljunge, IFN, is the author of a chapter, "Trust promotes health: addressing reverse causality by studying children of immigrants", in a new book edited by Sherman Folland and Eric Nauenberg. The cutting edge of research is presented, covering the ever-expanding social capital field.

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