Working Paper No. 459

Utilization of R&D Results in the Home and Foreign Plants of Multinationals

Published: April 1996Pages: 22Keywords: R&D; Multinationals; Home and Foreign PlantsJEL-codes: O32; F23

Utilization of R&D Results in the Home and Foreign Plants of Multinationals Gunnar Fors


This paper analyzes the utilization of R&D results in the home and foreign plants of Swedish multinational enterprises (MNEs). The empirical findings indicate that the firms' R&D undertaken in the home country is used as an input in both the home and foreign plants of the MNEs. Around four-fifths of the gain in value-added attributed to home R&D was realized in the MNEs' home plants, while the remaining fifth benefitted the foreign plants. Considering that the foreign plants on average accounted for a third of the MNEs' overall output, the foreign share of the gain was substantial. R&D undertaken in foreign affiliates does not appear to be used as an input in the firms' home plants.

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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