Working Paper No. 459

Utilization of R&D Results in the Home and Foreign Plants of Multinationals

Published: April 1996Pages: 22Keywords: R&D; Multinationals; Home and Foreign PlantsJEL-codes: O32; F23

Utilization of R&D Results in the Home and Foreign Plants of Multinationals Gunnar Fors


This paper analyzes the utilization of R&D results in the home and foreign plants of Swedish multinational enterprises (MNEs). The empirical findings indicate that the firms' R&D undertaken in the home country is used as an input in both the home and foreign plants of the MNEs. Around four-fifths of the gain in value-added attributed to home R&D was realized in the MNEs' home plants, while the remaining fifth benefitted the foreign plants. Considering that the foreign plants on average accounted for a third of the MNEs' overall output, the foreign share of the gain was substantial. R&D undertaken in foreign affiliates does not appear to be used as an input in the firms' home plants.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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