Working Paper No. 468

Foreign Direct Investment, Capital Formation and Labour Costs: Theory and Evidence for Germany

Published: September 1996Pages: 31Keywords: INVESTMENTS; LABOUR MARKETJEL-codes: O16; F33; J21

Foreign Direct Investment, Capital Formation and Labour Costs: Theory and Evidence for Germany Jan Hatzius


This paper shows that the liberalisation of foreign direct investment (FDI) tends to make the effect of labour costs on domestic investment and labour demand more negative. Using data from Germany, it then provides evidence that is consistent with this view. First, high unit labour costs increase FDI outflows and lower FDI inflows. Second, the effect of unit labour costs on domestic manufacturing investment was more negative in the high-FDI 1980s than in the low-FDI 1970s, and this change was concentrated in high-FDI industries. The implied effect on long-run labour demand is substantial.

Elgar Companion to

Social Capital and Health

Martin Ljunge okt 2018.jpg

Martin Ljunge, IFN, is the author of a chapter, "Trust promotes health: addressing reverse causality by studying children of immigrants", in a new book edited by Sherman Folland and Eric Nauenberg. The cutting edge of research is presented, covering the ever-expanding social capital field.

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