Working Paper No. 479

Internal Efficiency and External Conditions

Published: May 1997Pages: 18Keywords: Market Structure; Business Organization; ProductionJEL-codes: D43; D24

Internal Efficiency and External Conditions Jörgen W. Weibull


This paper develops a new analytical approach to the old question whether market conditions may influence the internal efficiency of firms. The basic textbook model of the firm is slightly extended to incorporate managers' incentives to reduce production costs in an imperfectly competitive product market. This is done without invoking any agency problem or other form of information asymmetry. The analysis extends Marshallian and Hicksian consumer analysis to managers' demand for leisure in imperfectly competitive environments with a fixed number of firms, and free entry, respectively. Conditions are identified under which product market integration enhances the internal efficiency of firms, and it is shown that market integration is Pareto improving under free entry.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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