Working Paper No. 488

Trade, Southern Integration, and Uneven Development

Published: September 1997Pages: 32Keywords: Trade; Intermediate inputs; Multiple equilibriaJEL-codes: C51; O11; O47; F15

Trade, Southern Integration, and Uneven Development Georgi Trofimov


The paper demonstrates how trade between developing countries can cause the divergence of long-run growth among these countries. The model describes two symmetric countries trading with each other and the industrial rest of the world. Bilateral trade occurs at any moment if the countries have different numbers of intermediate varieties. The country with a larger number produces more manufactured goods than the other country does. In the bilateral trade the advanced country exports manufactures and imports basic goods and can develop the comparative advantage over the other country. The model demonstrates that Southern integration leads to uneven development paths if there is a high complementarity between intermediate inputs.

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

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Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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