509. Are Female Workers Less Productive Than Male Workers? Productivity and the Gender Wage Gap

Eva M. Meyerson, Trond Petersen and Vemund Snartland

It is extraordinarily difficult to determine the extent to which the gender wage gap reflects discriminatory behaviors by employers or differences in productive capacities between men and women. We note that where piece-rate work is performed, wages…

508. Exporting Consultancy Services in the Infrastructure Sectors: The Determinants of Obtaining Assignments

Roger Svensson

A unique database on individual tender documents is used to analyze the relationship between strategical factors and outcomes when technical consultancy firms (TCFs) compete for foreign assignments in the infrastructure sectors. TCFs, which sell services…

507. Clever Agents in Young's Evolutionary Bargaining Model

Maria Saez-Marti and Jörgen W. Weibull

In the models of Young (1993a,b), boundedly rational individuals are recurrently matched to play a game, and they play myopic best replies to the recent history of play. It could therefore be an advantage to instead play a myopic best reply to the myopic…

506. The Long-Run Growth Effects of R&D Subsidies

Paul S. Segerstrom

This paper presents a model of R&D-driven growth without scale effects where firms can engage in both horizontal and vertical R&D activities. Unlike in earlier models of R&D-driven growth without scale effects by Jones (1995), Segerstrom…

505. How Can Economic Policy Strike a Balance between Economic Efficiency and Income Equality?

Assar Lindbeck

Can income equality be combined with high economic efficiency and rapid economic growth? Fortunately, we need not to answer such a general question. Indeed, the question is poorly phrased. The relationship between income and wealth distribution, on one…

504. Trade and Location with Horizontal and Vertical Multi-Region Firms

Karolina Ekholm and Rikard Forslid

This paper analyses the effect on agglomeration tendencies of allowing firms to become multi-region firms in a standard model of trade and location. More specifically, we introduce horizontal and vertical multi-region firms into the core-periphery (CP)…

503. Growth Effects of Government Expenditure and Taxation in Rich Countries

Stefan Fölster and Magnus Henrekson

A number of cross-country comparisons do not find a robust negative relationship between government size and economic growth. In part this may reflect the prediction in economic theory that a negative relationship should exist primarily for rich countries…

502. Income Distribution and Labour Market Discrimination: A Case Study of Namibia

Erika Ekström

This thesis contains two studies. The first study investigates the income distribution among Namibian households. The second study examines the differences in earnings between males and females in the Namibian labour market. In both studies we use the…

501. Evolution with Mutations Driven by Control Costs

Eric van Damme and Jörgen W. Weibull

Bergin and Lipman (1996) show that the refinement effect from the random mutations in the adaptive dynamics in Kandori, Mailath and Rob (1993) and Young (1993) is due to restrictions on how these mutation rates vary across population states. We here model…

500. Anatomy of Policy Complementarities

Mike Orszag and Dennis J. Snower

The analysis provides a new explanation for two widespread problems concerning European unemployment policy: the disappointingly small effect of many past reform measures on employment, and the political difficulties in implementing more extensive reform…

499. Can and Should a Pay-As-You-Go Pension System Mimic a Funded System?

Assar Lindbeck and John Hassler

This paper considers the possibility of letting a pay-go pension system mimic a fully funded pension system. Generically, it turns out to be impossible to make a less than fully funded pension system actuarially fair on average. But a non-funded pay-go…

498. Swedish Lessons for Post-Socialist Countries

Assar Lindbeck

Sweden experienced exceptionally fast economic growth during the century-long period 1870-1970. This illustrates that a decentralized market economy, highly open to international transactions, may be quite conductive to sustained productivity growth if…

497. Institutional Effects on the Evolution of the Size Distribution of Firms

Magnus Henrekson and Dan Johansson

In this paper it is argued that the size distribution of firms may largely be determined by institutional factors. This hypothesis is tested in an exploratory fashion by studying the evolution of the size distribution of firms over time in Sweden for a…

496. Global Income Divergence, Trade and Industrialisation: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs

Richard E. Baldwin, Philippe Martin and Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano

This paper takes a step towards formalizing the theoretical interconnections among four post-Industrial Revolution phenomena - the industrialization and growth take-off of rich "northern" nations, massive global income divergence, and rapid trade…

495. Corporate Job Ladders in Europe: Wage Premia for University vs. High School Level Positions

Erik Mellander and Per Skedinger

Investment in human capital is a central issue in the literature on economic growth. The purpose of this study is to shed light on the economic incentives for investment in university education across countries. An empirical investigation of earnings for…

494. On Omitted Variable Bias and Measurement Error in Returns to Schooling Estimates

Erik Mellander

Lam and Schoeni (1993) consider an equation where earnings are explained by schooling and ability. They assume that ability data are lacking and that schooling is measured with error. The estimate obtained by regressing earnings on schooling thus contains…

493. Intergenerational Risk Sharing, Stability and Optimality of Alternative Pension Systems

John Hassler and Assar Lindbeck

In an analysis of the risk-sharing properties of different types of pension systems, we show that only a fixed-fee pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension systems can provide intergenerational risk sharing for living individuals. Under some circumstances, however,…

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book


Seminars organized by IFN


To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se