Working Paper No. 498

Swedish Lessons for Post-Socialist Countries

Published: June 8, 1998Pages: 37Keywords: Sweden, Lessons for Post-Socialist Countries, Transition EconomiesJEL-codes: H00; N00; P10; P20

Swedish Lessons for Post-Socialist Countries Assar Lindbeck


Sweden experienced exceptionally fast economic growth during the century-long period 1870-1970. This illustrates that a decentralized market economy, highly open to international transactions, may be quite conductive to sustained productivity growth if the government fulfills its "classical" functions well. The subsequent period of centralization and large government, 1970-1985/90, was characterized by considerable social achievements. But that rate of economic growth was quite low as compared to other developed countries. The last period discussed in the paper, after about 1985/90, may be characterized as a "period of transition" away from the centralized and highly interventionistic system of the 1970s and 1980s. A number of transition problems are discussed in the paper.

Assar Lindbeck

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Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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