Working Paper No. 522

Does Foreign Direct Investment Replace Home Country Investment? The Effect of European Integration on the Location of Swedish Investment

Published: September 30, 1999Pages: 29Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Home Country Investment; Regional Integration; Substitutionary; SchumpeterianJEL-codes: F23; F12

Does Foreign Direct Investment Replace Home Country Investment? The Effect of European Integration on the Location of Swedish Investment Pontus Braunerhjelm and Lars Oxelheim


The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of European integration on the location of investments by Swedish multinational corporations (MNCs). Evidence is presented about the extent to which European integration has attracted investment by Swedish MNCs, and whether foreign direct investment is being undertaken at the expense of home country investment. In the empirical analysis, involving both OLS and iterative SUR techniques, a significant difference across industries has been confirmed. A substitutionary relationship between foreign and home country investment is found for more R&D-intensive production, whereas the opposite pattern seems to prevail for production based on traditional comparative advantage. The results of this study emphasize the importance of using disaggregated industry-level data when analysing the effects of foreign direct investment on home country investment.

Lars Oxelheim

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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