Working Paper No. 540

The Foreign Operations of Swedish Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from a Survey of Swedish Multinationals 1998

Published: December 14, 2000Pages: 54Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Multinational Firms; Foreign AffiliatesJEL-codes: F21; F23

The Foreign Operations of Swedish Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from a Survey of Swedish Multinationals 1998 Karolina Ekholm and Marie Hesselman


This paper presents the results of a survey of Swedish multinationals conducted in 1999. The survey was carried out in order to update an existing database on Swedish manufacturing firms with producing foreign affiliates collected by the Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI). The database covers information about the Swedish parts and the producing foreign affiliates of manufacturing firms with at least 50 employees. The first survey was conducted in the early 1970's and up until today, seven surveys have been conducted. The following years are covered: 1965, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1986, 1990, 1994 and 1998.

The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it serves as a documentation of the survey covering 1998. Second, we use the database to present descriptive evidence of trends in the activities of Swedish multinationals within the manufacturing sector.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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