Working Paper No. 547

National Standards and International Trade

Published: January 30, 2001Pages: 21Keywords: Technical Standards; Product Standards; Non-Tariff BarriersJEL-codes: F12; F13; F15

National Standards and International Trade Mattias Ganslandt and James R. Markusen


Standards and technical regulations which govern the admissibility of imported goods into an economy raise costs of exporters entering new markets, and may have a particularly high impact on firms seeking to export from developing countries. Yet standards may also have a positive side, such as certifying product quality and safety for the consumer. This paper analyzes potential conflicts of interest between consumers and firms in a developed and a developing country under different assumptions about the costs and benefits of standards imposed on tradable products by one or both of the countries.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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