Working Paper No. 554

On the Treatment of Finance-Specific Factors within the OLI Paradigm

Published: April 25, 2001Pages: 30Keywords: FDI; Cost of Capital; Financial Strategies; OLIJEL-codes: F21; F23; G34; M21

On the Treatment of Finance-Specific Factors within the OLI Paradigm Lars Oxelheim, Trond Randøy and Arthur Stonehill


This article argues that the body of foreign direct investment (FDI) literature in general and the ownership, location, and internalization (OLI) paradigm in particular would be enriched if finance-specific factors are explicitly incorporated as drivers of FDI. We suggest that financial strategies involving factors such as debt/equity swaps or equity-listings in foreign equity markets affect the firm’s relative cost and availability of capital, and motivate a firm’s engagement in FDI. Large, research-intensive firms, predominantly resident in the US, UK, Japan or other liquid markets, have in the literature been identified as typical prototypes of MNEs undertaking FDI. These firms are assumed to have no restrictions as regards their ability to achieve a competitive cost and availability of capital, a focus that has made financial capabilities and resources less of an issue in FDI research. Our article mitigates this by emphasizing the relevance of finance-specific proactive strategies for FDI to occur. We generate eight testable hypotheses based on the recognition of finance-specific factors as active drivers of value creating FDI.

Lars Oxelheim

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Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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