Working Paper No. 578

School Vouchers in Practice: Competition Won't Hurt You!

Published: April 30, 2002Pages: 48Keywords: Public Education, Independent Schools, Student Achievement, School Vouchers, School Choice, Sample Selection Model, Panel Data Model, Instrumental Variable EstimationJEL-codes: H42; H52; I28; L19

School Vouchers in Practice: Competition Won't Hurt You! F. Mikael Sandström and Fredrik Bergström


An important issue in the debate on voucher systems and school choice is what effects competition from independent schools will have on public schools. Sweden has made a radical reform of its system for financing schools. Independent and public schools operate on close to equal terms under a voucher system covering all children. Sample selection models are estimated, using a data set of about 28 000 individuals. In addition, panel data models are estimated on 288 Swedish municipalities. The findings support the hypothesis that school results in public schools improve due to competition.

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

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Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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