Working Paper No. 625

The Relationship between Domestic and Outward Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Industry-Specific Effects

Published: July 15, 2004Pages: 30Keywords: FDI; Gross Domestic Investment; Industry-Specific Effects; Monitoring Costs; Trade Costs JEL-codes: F12; F21; F23; G34

The Relationship between Domestic and Outward Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Industry-Specific Effects Pontus Braunerhjelm, Lars Oxelheim and Per Thulin


Previous research has been inconclusive as regards the effect of outward foreign direct investment (FDI) on domestic investments. In this article we show that this inconclusiveness can be explained at a disaggregated level as a function of the way industries are organized. Based on a simple model including monitoring and trade costs, we argue that a complementary relationship can be expected to prevail in vertically integrated industries, whereas a substitutionary relationship can be expected in horizontally organized production. The empirical analysis confirms a significant difference between the two categories of industry as regards the impact of outward FDI on domestic investment. The results may thus have profound policy implications.

 

Lars Oxelheim

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Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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