Working Paper No. 644

Investment Liberalization - Why a Restrictive Cross-Border Merger Policy can be Counterproductive

Published: June 9, 2005Pages: 37Keywords: Investment Liberalization; Mergers & Acquisitions; Development; OwnershipJEL-codes: F23; K21; L13; O12

Investment Liberalization - Why a Restrictive Cross-Border Merger Policy can be Counterproductive Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson


Investment liberalizing countries are often concerned that cross-border mergers & acquisitions, in contrast to greenfield investments, might have an adverse effect on domestic firms and consumers. However, given that domestic assets are sufficiently scarce, we identify a preemption effect and an asset complementarity effect, which imply that the acquisition price is substantially higher than the domestic seller's profits. Moreover, we show that for the acquisition to take place, the MNE must be sufficiently efficient when using the domestic assets, otherwise rivals will expand their business, thereby making the acquisition unprofitable. Consequently, restricting cross-border M&As may also hurt consumers.

 

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

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Lars Persson

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lars.persson@ifn.se

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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