Working Paper No. 693

Cross-Border Acquisition or Greenfield Entry: Does it Matter for Affiliate R&D?

Published: January 30, 2007Pages: 49Keywords: FDI; M&A; Greenfield Investment; R&D; Multinational FirmJEL-codes: F23; L10; L20; O30

Cross-Border Acquisition or Greenfield Entry: Does it Matter for Affiliate R&D? Olivier Bertrand, Katariina Hakkala and Pehr-Johan Norbäck


This paper investigates how the entry mode of foreign direct investment (FDI) affects the affiliate R&D activities using unique data on Swedish multinational firms over a long period of time (1970 to 1998). On average, acquired affiliates are more likely to do R&D and have a higher level of R&D intensity than affiliates created by greenfield entry. This difference in observed R&D is explained by differences in parent, affiliate, industry and country characteristics as well as by different reactions to these characteristics, as predicted by the recent theoretical literature on international mergers and acquisitions (M&As). The results also suggest that M&As are, to a larger extent, motivated by asset-seeking motives than greenfield entry, especially in the 1990s.

 

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

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An Agenda for Europe

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The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.

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