Working Paper No. 734

Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination

Published: February 21, 2008, revised June, 2008, June, 2009 and October, 2011Pages: 42Keywords: Discrimination; Competition; Takeovers; WagesJEL-codes: J20; J31; J70
Published version

Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination Fredrik Heyman, Helena Svaleryd and Jonas Vlachos


Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behavior out of the market. Using detailed matched employer-employee data, we analyze how firm takeovers and product market competition affect firms’ gender composition and gender wage gap. Taking into account several endogeneity concerns while using a difference-in-difference framework, we find that the share of female employees increases as a result of an ownership change when product market competition is weak. Furthermore, we find that a takeover reduces the gender wage gap. While the estimated effects are small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.

 

Fredrik Heyman

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Ph: +46 8 665 4537
fredrik.heyman@ifn.se

Jonas Vlachos

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Ph: +46 8 16 30 46
Mob: +46 70 893 3240
jonas.vlachos@ne.su.se

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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