Working Paper No. 734

Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination

Published: February 21, 2008, revised June, 2008, June, 2009 and October, 2011Pages: 42Keywords: Discrimination; Competition; Takeovers; WagesJEL-codes: J20; J31; J70
Published version

Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination Fredrik Heyman, Helena Svaleryd and Jonas Vlachos


Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behavior out of the market. Using detailed matched employer-employee data, we analyze how firm takeovers and product market competition affect firms’ gender composition and gender wage gap. Taking into account several endogeneity concerns while using a difference-in-difference framework, we find that the share of female employees increases as a result of an ownership change when product market competition is weak. Furthermore, we find that a takeover reduces the gender wage gap. While the estimated effects are small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.

 

Fredrik Heyman

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