Working Paper No. 979

The Time WTO Panels Require to Issue Reports

Published: September 24, 2013Pages: 40Keywords: WTO panels; WTO dispute settlementJEL-codes: F13; K33

The Time WTO Panels Require to Issue Reports Henrik Horn


Almost all WTO dispute panels exceed their statutory time limits. This is often seen to indicate a more general problem for panels to manage their tasks. The time required varies considerably across panels however, suggesting that they do not face the same problems.

To shed light on these differences, this paper examines the relationship between the time panels require and features of their tasks. It finds that variables intended to capture quantitative aspects of panel workloads, as well as some complexity aspects, are positively related to the time required. But two factors that should simplify panels’ tasks – a large case law, and panelists’ experience from serving on earlier panels – do not seem to matter.

The results are sensitive to the inclusion of certain disputes however, raising the question of whether these should be viewed as outliers.

Henrik Horn

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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