Working Paper No. 983

Multilateral Environmental Agreements in the WTO: Silence Speaks Volumes

Published: October 7, 2013Pages: 23Keywords: WTO; Dispute settlement; Environmental agreementsJEL-codes: F13; K32; K33; Q56
Published version

Multilateral Environmental Agreements in the WTO: Silence Speaks Volumes Henrik Horn and Petros C. Mavroidis


This study contributes to the debate concerning the appropriate role of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) in in WTO dispute settlement. Its distinguishing feature is that it seeks to address this relationship in light of the reason why the parties have chosen to separate their obligations into two bodies of law without providing an explicit nexus between them. The basic conclusion is that legislators’ silence concerning this relationship should speak volumes to WTO adjudicating bodies: MEAs should not be automatically understood as imposing legally binding obligations on WTO Members, but could be used as sources of factual information.

Henrik Horn

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henrik.horn@ifn.se

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

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Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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