Working Paper No. 1026

Global Engagement and the Occupational Structure of Firms

Published: May 27, 2014, revised May 2015Pages: 58Keywords: Occupational mix; Globalization; Multinational EnterprisesJEL-codes: F10; F20
Published version

Global Engagement and the Occupational Structure of Firms Carl Davidson, Fredrik Heyman, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu

Global engagement can impact firm organization and the occupations a firm needs. We examine the effect of globalization on occupational mix using Swedish data covering all firms and a sample of the labor force for 1997–2005. We find a robust relationship, with more globally engaged firms using a mix skewed toward skilled occupations. Moreover, firms have a more skill-intensive distribution when exporting to far away markets, or when exporting differentiated goods. The cross-firm difference in occupational mix and a higher share of skilled workers in higher-wage firms contributed to 19% of overall wage dispersion in 1997 and 26% in 2005.

Fredrik Heyman


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Fredrik Sjöholm


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An Agenda for Europe

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.


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