Working Paper No. 1057

Cross-Border Acquisitions and Restructuring: Multinational Enterprises and Private Equity Firms

Published: January 28, 2015, revised March 2017Pages: 30Keywords: Cross-border; International Restructuring; Ownership Efficiency; Private Equity; M&AsJEL-codes: F23; F65; L13
Published version

Cross-Border Acquisitions and Restructuring: Multinational Enterprises and Private Equity Firms Selva Bahar Baziki, Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Lars Persson and Joacim Tåg


An increasingly large share of cross-border acquisitions are undertaken by private equity-firms (PE-firms) and not by traditional multinational enterprises (MNEs). We propose a model of cross-border acquisitions in which MNEs and PE-firms compete over domestic assets and which incorporates endogenous financial frictions. MNEs' advantages lie in firm-specific synergies and access to internal capital markets, whereas PE-firms are good at reorganizing target firms. We show that stronger firm-specific synergies, lower restructuring advantages for PE-firms, higher exit costs for PE-firms, better access to internal capital markets, a higher risk premium on lending, higher moral hazard problems, and higher trade costs all favor MNEs over PE-firms. We also present cross-country correlations that are consistent with these predictions.

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

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Ph: +46 8 665 4522
Mob: +46 73 574 3379
pehr-johan.norback@if...

Lars Persson

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Ph: +46 8 665 4504
lars.persson@ifn.se

Joacim Tåg

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Ph: +46 8 665 4524
joacim.tag@ifn.se

Interdisciplinary European Studies

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This is the first book in the Interdisciplinary European Studies collection. This volume provides an interdisciplinary perspective on trust in the EU from the vantage point of political science, law and economics. Lars Oxelheim, Lund University and affiliated to IFN, is one of the authors.

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