Working Paper No. 1103

Two Sides to the Evasion: The Pirate Bay and the Interdependencies of Evasive Entrepreneurship

Published: January 6, 2016, revised April 2016 and July 2016Pages: 34Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Evasion; Innovation; Institutions; Piracy; Regulation; Self-employmentJEL-codes: L5; M13; O31; P14
Published version

Two Sides to the Evasion: The Pirate Bay and the Interdependencies of Evasive Entrepreneurship Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Joakim Wernberg

Evasive entrepreneurs innovate by circumventing or disrupting existing formal institutional frameworks. These evasions rarely go unnoticed and usually lead to responses from lawmakers and regulators. We introduce a conceptual model to illustrate the interdependence between evasive entrepreneurship and the regula-tory response that it provokes.

We apply this framework to the case of the file-sharing platform The Pirate Bay (TPB), a venture with a number of clearly innova-tive and evasive features. The platform was a radical, widely applied innovation that transformed the Internet landscape, yet its founders became convicted crimi-nals. Applying the proposed evasive entrepreneurship framework to this case improves our understanding of the relationship between policymaking and entrepreneurship in the digital age and provides a first step toward determining the best responses for regulators confronting evasive entrepreneurship.

Niklas Elert


Ph: +46 8 665 4583

Magnus Henrekson


Ph: +46 (0)8 665 4502

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective


Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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