Working Paper No. 1111

What Prevents Women from Reaching the Top?

Published: February 18, 2016, revised September 2017, March 2018 and March 2019Pages: 60Keywords: CEOs; Top executives; Gender gap; Career; Family; QualificationsJEL-codes: G34; J16; J24; J31

What Prevents Women from Reaching the Top? Matti Keloharju, Samuli Knüpfer and Joacim Tåg


We use exceptionally rich data on all business, economics, and engineering graduates in Sweden to study women’s career progression and its causes. A wide range of observables do not explain the lack of women in top executive positions.

Instead, slow career progression in the five years after the first childbirth substantially contributes to the female disadvantage. During this period, women work on average shorter hours than men and are more often absent from work. Among the minority of graduates who eventually reach an executive position, women appear to be better qualified than men. Aspiring women may thus need to outperform men to overcome the barriers related to family life.

 

 

 

 

Joacim Tåg

Contact

Ph: +46 8 665 4524
joacim.tag@ifn.se

Matti Keloharju

Contact

Ph: +358 40 353 8043
matti.keloharju@aalto.fi

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

Pages-from-2019-Oxelheim-m.gif

This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

About the book

Events

Seminars organized by IFN

 

To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se