Working Paper No. 1126

Talent Development and Labour Market Integration: The Case of EU Football

Published: May 31, 2016, revised March, 2018Pages: 49Keywords: Sports industry; Star players; Champions League; Bosman rulingJEL-codes: J44; L50; L83

Talent Development and Labour Market Integration: The Case of EU Football Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Martin Olsson and Lars Persson

We analyse how the Bosman ruling changed the incentives for football clubs in the European Union (EU) to develop talents. We show that the stiffer bidding competition over star players after the Bosman ruling has spurred talent development primarily in EU countries without established top clubs. This, in turn, has had a positive impact on their junior and senior national teams’ performance. However, the stiffer bidding competition has also led to a lower competitive balance in the Champions League, as non-established clubs prefer to sell their star players instead of challenging the top clubs. We provide empirical evidence consistent with these findings.

Pehr-Johan Norbäck


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Martin Olsson


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Lars Persson


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An Agenda for Europe

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Omslag 2017 Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.jpg

The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.


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