Working Paper No. 1130

Does Country Level Social Trust Predict the Size of the Sharing Economy?

Published: August 19, 2016Pages: 10Keywords: Sharing economy; Trust; Information technologyJEL-codes: E20; O17; M13

Does Country Level Social Trust Predict the Size of the Sharing Economy? Andreas Bergh and Alexander Funcke


The sharing economy (peer-to-peer based sharing or renting activities coordinated through community-based online services) is typically assumed to be closely related to social trust. The two sharing economy companies Airbnb and Flipkey exist in over 100 countries, allowing us to construct a measure of sharing economy penetration to test against social trust and other potential explanations.

Results indicate that sharing economy penetration is promoted by ICT-infrastructure and economic openness, whereas the correlation with social trust is negative and often statistically signi cant. Our conclusion is that sharing economy services do not require high levels of social trust to succeed. Rather, they provide institutions that facilitate trust-intensive economic activities also where social trust is low.

Andreas Bergh

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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