Working Paper No. 1131

Wealth Inequality in Sweden: What Can We Learn from Capitalized Income Tax Data?

Published: August 31, 2016Pages: 54Keywords: Wealth distribution; Capitalization method; Investment income method; Gini co-efficient; Top wealth shares; Great Recession JEL-codes: D31; H20; N32
Published version

Wealth Inequality in Sweden: What Can We Learn from Capitalized Income Tax Data? Jacob Lundberg and Daniel Waldenström


This paper presents new estimates of wealth inequality in Sweden during 2000–2012, linking wealth register data up to 2007 and individually capitalized wealth based on income and property tax registers for the period thereafter when a repeal of the wealth tax stopped the collection of individual wealth statistics. We find that wealth inequality increased after 2007 and that more unequal bank holdings and apartment ownership appear to be important drivers.

We also evaluate the performance of the capitalization method by contrasting its estimates and their dispersion with observed stocks in register data up to 2007. The goodness-of-fit varies tremendously across assets and we conclude that although capitalized wealth estimates may well approximate overall inequality levels and trends, they are highly sensitive to assumptions and the quality of the underlying data sources.

Daniel Waldenström

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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