Working Paper No. 1166

Global Earnings Inequality, 1970–2015

Published: May 5, 2017, revised June 2017Pages: 68Keywords: Global inequality; Development; Inequality decomposition; Labor marketsJEL-codes: D31; F01; O15

Global Earnings Inequality, 1970–2015 Olle Hammar and Daniel Waldenström


We estimate trends in global earnings dispersion across occupational groups using a new database covering 66 developed and developing countries between 1970 and 2015. Our main finding is that global earnings inequality has declined, primarily during the 2000s, when the global Gini coefficient dropped nearly 10 points and the earnings share of the world’s poorest half doubled. Decomposition and counterfactual analyses emphasize the role of earnings convergence between countries and within occupations, with a special role played by Chinese and agricultural earnings growth. Sensitivity checks show that the results are robust to varying real exchange rates, inequality measures and population definitions.

Daniel Waldenström

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Ph: +33-754844839
Mob: +46 70 4916082
daniel.waldenstrom@if...

Olle Hammar

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Mob: +46 70 435 93 07
olle.hammar@nek.uu.se

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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