Working Paper No. 1169

Gender Wage Gap at the Top, Job Inflexibility and Product Market Competition

Published: May 15, 2017, revised August 2018Pages: 50Keywords: Career; Gender wage-gap; Job Inflexibility; Management; CompetitionJEL-codes: J70; L20; M50

Gender Wage Gap at the Top, Job Inflexibility and Product Market Competition Fredrik Heyman, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson


Research show that women are disadvantaged in inflexible occupations. We show that this will imply that female managers are on average more skilled than male managers. Due to the higher hurdles faced by women, only the most skilled among them will pursue a management career. This implies that female managers will, on average, be more beneficial for the firm when product market competition is intense. Using detailed matched employee-employer data, we find that (i) more intense product market competition leads to relatively higher wages for female managers and (ii) the share of female managers is higher in firms in more competitive industries.

 

Fredrik Heyman

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Ph: +46 8 665 4537
fredrik.heyman@ifn.se

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

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Ph: +46 8 665 4522
Mob: +46 73 574 3379
pehr-johan.norback@if...

Lars Persson

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Ph: +46 8 665 4504
lars.persson@ifn.se

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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