Working Paper No. 1198

Stock Market Returns and Consumption

Published: February 2, 2018Pages: 52Keywords: Capital gain; Dividend income; Consumption; Near-rational behaviorJEL-codes: D15; E21; G12

Stock Market Returns and Consumption Marco Di Maggio, Amir Kermani and Kaveh Majlesi


This paper employs Swedish data containing security level information on households' stock holdings to investigate how consumption responds to changes in stock market returns.

We exploit households’ portfolio weights in previous years as an instrument for actual capital gains and dividends payments.

We find that unrealized capital gains lead to a marginal propensity to consume (MPC) of 13 percent for the bottom 50% of the wealth distribution but a flat 5 percent for the rest of the distribution.

We also find that households’ consumption is significantly more responsive to dividend payouts across all parts of the wealth distribution.

Our findings are broadly consistent with near-rational behavior in which households optimize their consumption with respect to capital gains and dividends income as if they were separate sources of income.

Kaveh Majlesi

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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