Working Paper No. 1200

Female Self-Employment: Prevalence and Performance Effects of Having a High-Income Spouse

Published: February 12, 2018, revised March 2018, October 2020 and November 2020Pages: 41Keywords: Career choice; Entrepreneurship; Marriage; Self-employment; WomenJEL-codes: J16; J12; J13; J22; L26

Female Self-Employment: Prevalence and Performance Effects of Having a High-Income Spouse Carl Magnus Bjuggren and Magnus Henrekson


Little is known about self-employment as a career choice for women who marry a highincome spouse. We show that Swedish women who are married to a high-income spouse are, on average, highly educated and more likely to pursue self-employment than those married to a spouse in the middle of the income distribution. Using rich Swedish register data, we compare the likelihood of self-employment before and after marriage for women who marry a spouse in the top 1, 0.5 and 0.1 percent to those who marry a spouse in the middle of the income distribution. The likelihood of entering self-employment increases by 128–176 percent for women who marry a spouse in the top of the income distribution, and the shift into self-employment is associated with a lower income. The effect of marrying a high-income spouse is larger for women than for men.

 


Reference:

Bjuggren, Carl Magnus and Magnus Henrekson (2018), "Female Self-Employment: Prevalence and Performance Effects of Having a High-Income Spouse". IFN Working Paper No. 1200. Stockholm: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

9783030350048_200x_the-european-union-and-the-return-of-the-nation-state.jpg

This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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