Working Paper No. 1205

Mine, Ours or Yours? Unintended Framing Effects in Dictator Games

Published: March 28, 2018Pages: 16Keywords: Dictator games; Framing effects; Property rights; Social preferencesJEL-codes: C70; C91; D63

Mine, Ours or Yours? Unintended Framing Effects in Dictator Games Andreas Bergh and Philipp C. Wichardt


This paper reports results from a classroom dictator game comparing the effects of three different sets of standard instructions. As was shown by Oxoby
and Spraggon (2008), inducing a feeling of entitlement – one subject earning the endowment – strongly affects allocations in dictator games towards the owner of the money (both dictator and receiver).

The present results show that seemingly small differences in instructions induce fundamentally different perceptions regarding entitlement. Behavior is affected accordingly, i.e. instructions inducing subjects to perceive the task as distributive rather than a task of generosity lead to higher allocations to receivers (average 52% vs. 35%).

A theoretical explanation integrating monetary as well as social incentives and emphasizing potential effects of uncertainty about the latter is discussed (cf. Bergh and Wichardt, 2018).

Andreas Bergh

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andreas.bergh@ifn.se

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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