Working Paper No. 1219

Efficiency Gains and Time-savings of Permanent Panels in the WTO Dispute Settlement

Published: June 5, 2018Pages: 28Keywords: WTO; Dispute settlement; WTO panel; Trade disputes; DelaysJEL-codes: F13; K41

Efficiency Gains and Time-savings of Permanent Panels in the WTO Dispute Settlement Louise Johannesson


The dispute settlement mechanism (DSM) is today the most active dispute resolution forum in the world. However, its success has also led to increased processing time of disputes, which, in turn, increases the cost of using the World Trade Organization (WTO) as a way to resolve trade conflicts.

I investigate whether the DSM  can be improved by introducing a permanent panel of judges, to replace the current ad hoc system of appointing new judges for each dispute. I find mixed results, but one aspect that could speed up the process is that permanent judges develop established work relations and working methods.

An Agenda for Europe

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Omslag 2017 Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.jpg

The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.

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