Working Paper No. 1226

Gender Grading Bias at Stockholm University: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from an Anonymous Grading Reform

Published: August 21, 2018Pages: 28Keywords: Grading bias; University; Discrimination; Education; Anonymous gradingJEL-codes: I23; J16

Gender Grading Bias at Stockholm University: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from an Anonymous Grading Reform Joakim Jansson and Björn Tyrefors


In this paper, we first present novel evidence of grading bias against women at the university level. This is in contrast to previous results at the secondary education level. Contrary to the gender composition at lower levels of education in Sweden, the teachers and graders at the university level are predominantly male. Thus, an in-group bias mechanism could consistently explain the evidence from both the university and secondary education level. However, we find that in-group bias can only explain approximately 20 percent of the total grading bias effect at the university level.

Björn Tyrefors

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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