Working Paper No. 1226

Gender Grading Bias at Stockholm University: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from an Anonymous Grading Reform

Published: August 21, 2018Pages: 28Keywords: Grading bias; University; Discrimination; Education; Anonymous gradingJEL-codes: I23; J16

Gender Grading Bias at Stockholm University: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from an Anonymous Grading Reform Joakim Jansson and Björn Tyrefors


In this paper, we first present novel evidence of grading bias against women at the university level. This is in contrast to previous results at the secondary education level. Contrary to the gender composition at lower levels of education in Sweden, the teachers and graders at the university level are predominantly male. Thus, an in-group bias mechanism could consistently explain the evidence from both the university and secondary education level. However, we find that in-group bias can only explain approximately 20 percent of the total grading bias effect at the university level.

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Social Capital and Health

Martin Ljunge okt 2018.jpg

Martin Ljunge, IFN, is the author of a chapter, "Trust promotes health: addressing reverse causality by studying children of immigrants", in a new book edited by Sherman Folland and Eric Nauenberg. The cutting edge of research is presented, covering the ever-expanding social capital field.

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