Working Paper No. 1226

Gender Grading Bias at Stockholm University: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from an Anonymous Grading Reform

Published: August 21, 2018Pages: 28Keywords: Grading bias; University; Discrimination; Education; Anonymous gradingJEL-codes: I23; J16

Gender Grading Bias at Stockholm University: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from an Anonymous Grading Reform Joakim Jansson and Björn Tyrefors


In this paper, we first present novel evidence of grading bias against women at the university level. This is in contrast to previous results at the secondary education level. Contrary to the gender composition at lower levels of education in Sweden, the teachers and graders at the university level are predominantly male. Thus, an in-group bias mechanism could consistently explain the evidence from both the university and secondary education level. However, we find that in-group bias can only explain approximately 20 percent of the total grading bias effect at the university level.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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