Working Paper No. 1291

A Theory of Gazelle Growth: Competition, Venture Capital Finance and Policy

Published: July 2, 2019Pages: 50Keywords: Gazelles; Acquisitions; Organic growth; Entrepreneurial policy; Venture capital; Financial support JEL-codes: G24; G34; G38; L10; L26

A Theory of Gazelle Growth: Competition, Venture Capital Finance and Policy Mehmet Caglar Kaya and Lars Persson


This paper proposes a theory of gazelle growth in which gazelles can either grow organically or by acquisitions. In the model, there are three types of firms: incumbent, target, and gazelle. We show that the lower cost of organic growth can increase the incentives for acquisition growth. The reason for this is that the incumbent understands that if it acquires the target firm, the gazelle will then invest organically anyway to grow, and therefore, the acquisition will not be sufficient to protect the incumbent's market power. The gazelle could then acquire the target firm at a good price. We also show that financial support for the organic growth of gazelles can increase gazelles' growth by acquisitions since incumbents' preemptive motives are reduced.

Lars Persson

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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