Working Paper No. 1304

Globalization and Populism in Europe

Published: November 19, 2019, revised October 2020Pages: 21Keywords: Globalization; Populism; TradeJEL-codes: P16; F68

Globalization and Populism in Europe Andreas Bergh and Anders Kärnä


Recent micro-level studies have suggested that globalization - in particular, economic globalization and trade with China - breeds political polarization and populism. This study examines whether or not those results generalize by examining the country-level association between vote shares for European populist parties and economic globalization.

Using data on vote shares for 267 right-wing and left-wing populist parties in 33 European countries during 1980-2017, and globalization data from the KOF-institute, we find no evidence of a positive association between (economic or other types of) globalization and populism. EU-membership is associated with 4 to 6 percentage points larger vote shares for right-wing populist parties.


Reference:

Bergh, Andreas and Anders Kärnä (2019), "Globalization and Populism in Europe". IFN Working Paper No. 1304. Stockholm: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).

Andreas Bergh

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andreas.bergh@ifn.se

Interdisciplinary European Studies

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