On-going projects

Employment Protection

This is a study of the effects of employment protection - in Sweden and in other countries.

Project manager: Per Skedinger

Carl Magnus Bjuggren; Petri Böckerman, TTT; Jing-Lin Duanmu, University of Surrey; Fredrik Heyman; Pehr-Johan Norbäck; Martin Olsson; Roope Uusitalo, University of Jyväskylä

The starting point for this project is a comprehensive literature survey on the effects of employment protection, covering over 100 empirical studies. The survey – “Employment Protection Legislation. Evolution, Effects, Winners and Losers” – was published by Edward Elgar in 2010. We will then go on to examine the employment effects of employment protection in Swedish firms. A reform in 2001 of last-in first-out rules that affected only small firms provides a possibility to study the effect of less stringent employment protection on the employment prospects of the unemployed and participants in active labour market programmes. Another part of the project looks at cross-country variation in the stringency of employment protection and its effect on employment in Swedish multinational firms operating abroad. Third, the labour market prospects of employees in various forms of fixed-term employment will be examined.

The project is financed by the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation.      

Time period: 2008-


Research reports

Norbäck, Pehr-Johan, Per Skedinger and Jing-Lin Duanmu (2019). "Employment protection and FDI revisited: New evidence from micro data", forthcoming in World Economy.

Böckerman, Petri, Per Skedinger and Roope Uusitalo (2018), Seniority Rules, Worker Mobility and Wages: Evidence from Multi-Country Linked Employer-Employee Data, Labour Economics,  51, 4862.

Heyman, Fredrik och Per Skedinger (2016) Employment Protection Reform, Enforcement in Collective Agreements and Worker Flows, Industrial Relations, vol 55, 662–704.

Lundborg, Per och Per Skedinger (2016) Employer Attitudes towards Refugee Immigrants: Findings from a Swedish Survey, International Labour Review, vol 155, 315–337.

Skedinger, Per (2016) Työmarkkinat Suomessa ja Ruotsissa – ruotsalainen näkökulma, Talous & Yhteiskunta, no 2, 10–17.

Skedinger, Per (2011). Employment Consequences of Employment Protection Legislation. Nordic Economic Policy Review, 2 (1), 45-83.

Lindbeck, Assar (2011). Comment on Skedinger: Employment Consequences of Employment Protection Legislation. Nordic Economic Policy Review, 2 (1), 85-90.



Skedinger, Per (2010). Employment Protection Legislation. Evolution, Effects, Winners and Losers. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA, US.


Publications in Swedish

Calmfors, Lars, Petter Danielsson, Simon Ek, Ann-Sofie Kolm, Tuomas Pekkarinen and Per Skedinger (2018). Hur ska fler komma in på arbetsmarknaden?, Dialogos Förlag, Stockholm. 

Calmfors, Lars, Simon Ek, Ann-Sofie Kolm, Tuomas Pekkarinen and Per Skedinger (2018). Olika vägar till jobb, Arbetsmarknadsekonomiska rådet, Stockholm. 

Skedinger, Per (2018), Nationalekonomisk forskning om anställningsskydd, in Eklund, Ronnie (ed.), LAS 40 år, Jure Förlag, Stockholm. 

Bjuggren, Carl Magnus, Martin Olsson and Per Skedinger (2018). Turordningsregler – lagstiftning med konsekvenser eller spel för gallerierna?, Ekonomisk Debatt, 46(3), 516. 

Calmfors, Lars, Petter Danielsson, Ann-Sofie Kolm, Tuomas Pekkarinen and Per Skedinger (2017), Arbetsmarknadsekonomisk rapport. Tudelningarna på arbetsmarknaden, Arbetsmarknadsekonomiska rådet, Stockholm.

Skedinger, Per and Magnus Carlsson (2011). Reglering eller diskriminering – vad hindrar etablering? FORES Studie 2011:4, FORES, Stockholm. 

Skedinger, Per (2008). En exkluderande arbetsmarknadsmodell? Den svenska arbetsmarknadens trösklar i ett globalt perspektiv. Report No. 24 to the Swedish Globalization Council, Ministry of Education, Stockholm.

Skedinger, Per (2008). Effekter av anställningsskydd – en översikt, Ekonomisk Debatt, nr 7, 5–18.

Skedinger, Per (2008). Effekter av anställningsskydd. Vad säger forskningen?, SNS Förlag, Stockholm.

International cooperation

Visiting researchers

Collaborating with others is essential for IFN as a research institute. Our researchers co-author articles with colleagues from other institutes, and many also teach at various universities and colleges.

As part of our extensive program of guest researchers, leading international researchers visit the institute. The visitors present and pursue their research as well as interact and cooperate with researchers at IFN.

Jordglob 1 för webb


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