2018

The ‘Healthy Worker Effect’: Do Healthy People Climb the Occupational Ladder?

Särtryck nr 2018:7

Författare: Joan Costa Font och Martin LjungeÅr: 2018 Publikation: Economics & Human Biology Årgång (nr): 28 (Februari) Sidor: 119–131
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)
Preliminär version


The association between occupational status and health has been taken to reveal the presence of occupational health inequalities. However, that interpretation assumes no influence of health status in climbing the occupational ladder. This paper documents evidence of non-negligible returns to occupation status on health (which we refer as ‘healthy worker effect’). We use a unique empirical strategy that addresses the problem of reverse causality. That is, an instrumental variable strategy using the variation in average health in the migrant’s country of origin, a health measure plausibly not determined by the migrant’s occupational status. Our findings suggest that health status exerts significant effects on occupational status in several dimensions; including having a supervising role, worker autonomy, and worker influence. The effect size of health is larger than that of an upper secondary education.


Referens:
Costa Font, Joan och Martin Ljunge (2018), "The ‘Healthy Worker Effect’: Do Healthy People Climb the Occupational Ladder?". Economics & Human Biology 28(Februari), 119–131.

Martin Ljunge

Kontakt

Tel: 08 665 4517
martin.ljunge@ifn.se

Aktuell forskare

Therese Nilsson

Forskningsområden: Globaliseringens effekterer på sociala normer och hälsa. Ekonomiska följder av hälsochocker samt ekonomisk ojämlikhet och hälsa.

Några av de frågor Therese Nilsson försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Hur påverkar ekonomisk och social globalisering människors hälsa?
  • Vilka effekter har införandet av fri mödravård?

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