Busy Doing Nothing: Why Politicians Implement Ineffcient Policies

Särtryck nr 2019:63

Författare: Anders GustafssonÅr: 2019 Publikation: Constitutional Political Economy Årgång (nr): 30 (3) Sidor: 282–299
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Busy Doing Nothing: Why Politicians Implement Ineffcient Policies Anders Gustafsson

A substantial body of literature suggests that politicians are blocked from implementing efficient reforms that solve substantial problems because of special interest groups or budget constraints. Despite the existing mechanisms that block potentially efficient reforms, real-world data show that a large number of new programs and policies are implemented every year in developed countries. These policies are often selective and considered to be fairly inefficient by ex post evaluation, and they tend to be small in size and scope. With this background, this paper studies the reasons why a rational politician would implement an inefficient public policy that is intended to obfuscate the difficulties in achieving reforms. The paper uses a simple competence signaling model that suggests that if an effective reform is impossible, engaging in strategic obfuscation through an inefficient program increases the probability of winning a re-election compared to doing nothing at all. This is because an inefficient reform does not lead voters to believe that the politician is incompetent, which a lack of action risks doing. Intentional inefficiency aiming to obfuscate the difficulty of efficient reforms can therefore complement the previous theories’ explanations of political failure.

Gustafsson, Anders (2019), "Busy Doing Nothing: Why Politicians Implement Ineffcient Policies". Constitutional Political Economy 30(3), 282–299.

Anders Gustafsson


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Aktuell forskare

Andreas Bergh, docent, välfärdsforskare


Beteendeekonomi, Globalisering, Institutionell ekonomi, Korruption, Offentlig ekonomi, Social normer, Tillväxt, Utbildning.

Några av de frågor Andreas Bergh  försöker besvara i sin forskning:

- Varför har vissa länder utvecklat stora välfärdsstater och hur påverkar detta deras ekonomi?

- Hur uppstår sociala normer och hur förändras de?

- Hur påverkar globaliseringen människor i utvecklingsländer?

- Vad är tillväxthöjande reformer, och hur genomförs dessa?

- Hur motverkas korruptionsproblem i svenska kommuner?

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