2020

When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects?

Särtryck nr 2020:21

Författare: Christian Bjørnskov och Stefan VoigtÅr: 2020 Publikation: Journal of Conflict Resolution Årgång (nr): 64 (4) Sidor: 579–613
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)

When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects? Christian Bjørnskov och Stefan Voigt


The relationship between terrorist activities and states of emergency has never been explored in a cross-country perspective. This article is a first step to change that. Given that a terror act has been committed, what are the factors that lead governments to declare a state of emergency (SOE)—or refrain from declaring it? And given that a SOE has been declared, what are the effects thereof? On the basis of seventy-nine countries all having Western-style constitutions, we find that more terrorist incidents increase the likelihood of a SOE. Interestingly, emergencies are less likely to be declared in election years, supposedly because governments believe them to be unpopular. Once a SOE is declared, it generally leads to substantially more government repression. Finally, countries already under a SOE are more likely to suffer from additional terror attacks, challenging the effectiveness of states of emergency.


Referens:
Bjørnskov, Christian och Stefan Voigt (2020), "When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What Are the Effects?". Journal of Conflict Resolution 64(4), 579–613.

Christian Bjørnskov

Kontakt

Tel: +45 87 16 48 19
Mobil: +45 20 12 03 84
chbj@econ.au.dk

Aktuell forskare

Niklas Elert, fil.dr.

Ämnesområden: Entreprenörskap, Tillväxt.

 

Några av de frågor Niklas Elert försöker besvara i sin forskning:

 

  • Hur ser samspelet mellan institutioner och entreprenörskap ut?
  • Hur stimulerar man bäst entreprenörskap och innovationer?
  • Vad är snabbväxande företag och var finns de?
  • Kan man lära sig entreprenörskap?
  • Vad får företag att starta och växa?

 

 

IFN kalendarium

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Grevgatan 34 - 2 tr, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Tel: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se